Gross income vs net income in Canada is often not the same number. So what is the difference? At a high level, gross income is the total amount you earn before taxes and other source deductions. Whereas net income is the amount you earn after accounting for taxes and deductions. Understanding the differences between these two terms is important because it can affect other areas of your personal finances. In addition, taxes are quite high in Canada so gross income vs net income in Canada can be radically different. Ready to learn more? Continue reading!
Table of contents
- What is the usual difference between gross income and net income?
- What is considered gross income in Canada?
- What is considered net income in Canada?
- Should I use my gross or net income?
- How do I figure out my net income?
- Gross Income vs Net Income and Your Finances
What is the usual difference between gross income and net income?
As we mentioned earlier, when you earn money, some deductions occur before you take home what’s left. These deductions could be taxes, benefits, union dues and so on. For the purposes of this article, we’re referring to employment income. Usually self-employed individuals are paid gross income and it’s their responsibility to track and remit taxes and other deductions. Before we delve into gross income in Canada, let’s shed light on gross income vs net income in Canada, respectively.
Gross income is defined as the total amount you earn before considering taxes or other source deductions. For instance, if you work an office job and your annual salary is $50,000, your gross income is $50,000 per year. But of course, you don’t earn $4,166.67 ($50,000 / 12) each month because taxes and other deductions are taken off your pay.
This is where net income comes into play. Net income is defined as the total amount you earn after accounting for all taxes and other source deductions. Using the same example from above, standard monthly net income in Ontario after employment taxes would be $3,296.07. However, your net income might be lower if other deductions are taken off your pay such as union dues or benefits plan payments.
As you can see, gross income vs net income in Canada are very different. Knowing what your gross and net income are is helpful for financial and tax planning.
Related Reading: Average Canadian Net Worth
What is the difference between total income and net income in Canada?
Total income is the sum of all your gross income. This could be employment income, self employment income, retirement income, bonuses, investment income and so on. Net income is what you’re left with after considering all the taxes and deductions taken from the gross income.
What is considered gross income in Canada?
Gross income is the total amount of money you make before considering taxes and other source deductions. For instance, an annual salary or an hourly wage. Although, it could be any pre-tax income that’s paid to you, such as an inheritance or investment earnings.
Related Reading: What is the Average Net Worth by Age in Canada?
What is considered net income in Canada?
In Canada, your net income is the amount you earn after accounting for taxes and other related deductions. Normally, Canadians consider net income the amount of their pay cheque, as opposed to their annual salary. Often, this is from employment income sources, such as a salaried or hourly wage job. However, it could also be retirement income, government benefits and so on.
Is net income before or after taxes in Canada?
Net income is after taxes in Canada. More specifically, it’s the amount of money you’re left with after accounting for taxes and other deductions.
Related Reading: What is Personal Finance and Why is it Important?
Should I use my gross or net income?
Your net income is the actual money paid to you so it’s best if you use that number to plan your expenses and other aspects of your personal finances. Since your employer will deduct and remit taxes from your gross income on your behalf, you cannot rely on it for budgeting purposes. In addition, other deductions might be taken from your pay, such as union dues or benefits payments. For this reason, it’s always best to rely on the net income amount. In other words, plug your net income into your budget. From there, you can plan for expenditures, savings, investing and so on.
How do I figure out my net income?
When you start a new job or receive a bonus, you might be wondering what the net income will be. This can help you plan financially, such as creating a budget or setting a portion aside for taxes. If this is you, you’ve got a good head on your shoulders when it comes to money!
The first step is to figure out what type of income it is. Generally speaking, there are four types of gross income: general income, dividend income, investment income, and other income that’s exempt from tax. Each type of income has it’s own tax implications. In addition, there is business income to consider, but that is a bit more complex since it goes through a corporation.
Once you identify what kind of gross income is paid to you, the tax calculation can be done. Here are some helpful tools to help you calculate the tax:
- Payroll Deductions Online Calculator
- Self-employed Expenses Calculator
- All-in-One Calculator (includes dividends and capital gains tax)
Once you figure out your after-tax income, you can subtract any other deductions to arrive at a final net income. This could be union dues, benefit payments or any other direct source deductions taken off your pay. In addition, you may want to consider net income in the sense of what’s left over to save and invest after paying all your bills. If so, then deduct the costs of living from your pay, such as housing, utilities, food and more.
Gross Income vs Net Income and Your Finances
When considering gross income vs net income in Canada, it’s best to use net income for your budgeting and other financial planning. Unfortunately, taxes and other deductions can’t be avoided. For this reason, it’s best to make financial decisions based on your after-tax income. This way you can make more informed decisions about spending, saving and investing.
Do the gross income vs net income calculations have your head spinning? A financial advisor can help. Fill out this quick questionnaire to find your perfect match today!
Read More: How many millionaires are there in Canada?